Ways of Thinking/Ways of Doing Requirement

Ways of Thinking/ Ways of Doing is the name of Stanford’s innovative general education breadth system. The Ways are 11 courses in 8 Ways that you must take any time during your undergraduate years.

  • Two courses each in:
    • Aesthetic and Interpretive Inquiry (AII)
    • Scientific Method and Analysis (SMA)
    • Social Inquiry (SI)
  • One course each in:
    • Applied Quantitative Reasoning (AQR)
    • Engaging Diversity (ED)
    • Ethical Reasoning (ER)
    • Formal Reasoning (FR)
  • Two units in:
    • Creative Expression (CE)

Learn more about the Ways of Thinking/ Ways of Doing requirement.