What are the Ways of Thinking/Ways of Doing Requirements?

About the Ways

The Ways of Thinking/Ways of Doing (Ways) is the core of your general education requirement and your path to creating your own custom toolkit of intellectual skills to use here at Stanford and take with you when you graduate. The Ways comprise a total of 11 courses in a wide-range of disciplines that will both complement the classes required for a major and may also count towards the major.


The Ways system requires that classes be taken from 8 broad categories: Creative Expression (CE - 2 units in 1 or 2 courses), Aesthetic and Interpretive Inquiry (AII - 2 courses), Social Inquiry (SI - 2 courses), Applied Quantitative Reasoning (AQR - 1 course), Scientific Method and Analysis (SMA - 2 courses), Formal Reasoning (FR - 1 course), Ethical Reasoning (ER - 1 course), and Engaging Diversity (ED - 1 course). Courses may be certified to fulfill more than one Way, but each course can only be counted towards fulfilling one Ways requirement for a particular student. See a fuller description at the Ways website.

This system provides a great deal of flexibility in that various classes from a range of departments can fulfill each requirement. For instance, the AQR requirement could be fulfilled by taking an AQR Ways-certified course in Engineering, Political Science, or in any department that offers an AQR Ways-certified course.

The front page of ExploreCourses links to lists of Ways-certified courses; just scroll down the page.

More information on the WAYS requirements